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ქვევრი [qvevriclay vessel, amphora
The qvevri is a clay vessel for storing grain or wine: it is big, egg-shaped and has a conical end.
Today master amphora-potters are still at work in Georgia, because, although the qvevri is only a historical, museum relict in many Mediterranean and Black Sea countries, it is still in use in Georgia. If we take a look at the word qvevri in Georgian we can see by its root qve, ‘beneath’ that these amphora were buried in the ground and thus used to keep wine underground.
Georgia is a land of the vine, and even more of wine. Almost every peasant in Georgia, has a large or small vineyard and makes his own wine. In Georgia wine is kept in a qvevri. Georgia is the only country where wine is made, kept and served in this well-preserved archaic way, a way that other wine-making centres have lost.
Even today in Georgia’s forests the wild vine still exists; scientific data tell us that the domestication of the vine actually happened here. The world’s oldest grape pips found so far were discovered in Georgia, in the remains of Neolithic settlement at the junction of the Khrami and Mashaveri rivers dated back to 6th millennium.
The grape has an unconditionally sacral meaning for Georgian culture during its pagan era, as well as  in Christian period.
Up to 500 varieties of wine-making grapevine are known in Georgia, with Georgian names for the sort: they are specific, usually, to a particular micro-climate zone which favours one or another vine sort, which tends to be known by its locality.
The qvevri itself is immortal: in 2013 UNESCO listed the traditional Georgian qvevri method of wine-making as the intangible cultural heritage of humanity.